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2013 September

Editorial: News shouldn’t just tell you what you want to hear

News organizations shouldn’t just tell the public what they want to hear. We must tell the uncomfortable truths. And there will be many uncomfortable truths after this recall election. 

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We are not here to manipulate the facts to fit our version of a story. The facts should not reinforce our idea of the world, and then we print them as truths. 

PULP started out this month asking one simple question: how did Victor Head and Pueblo Freedom and Rights get this far? Any good journalist should want to know the real answers to why, how, when as well as to develop an understanding of the group. Yet, what we read and watched was the blame game, from the NRA to Chicago, and our answer was never found. 

We focused on the money for one simple reason:  nothing else matters, now. The money has turned this election about a debate on the recall and guns to the absolute unadulterated money grab that is played at the expense of voters and campaigners. 

Let’s start at the end, not with the results, but with faith in the results. At the PULP we have no doubt County Clerk Gilbert Ortiz will run a good, fair election. We also know that DA Jeff Chostner will prosecute, to the fullest extent of the law, any improprieties that are found. 

It’s not the final tally with which we are worried.  We are concerned that the losing side will always be able to point to the money and say, “That’s why we lost.” 

No one wants to hear that the money in this election changed how viable both recall groups were and if Morse and Giron were viable candidates against the recall. 

No one wants to hear the most grassroots and viable campaign was Pueblo Freedom and Rights. We looked into the money and, while this group did receive outside help, Victor Head was told by the Basic Freedom Defense Fund that he was on his own. This allowed him to have the mentality that he’s all alone and no one will help him. That created a campaign that was isolated on some level from BFDF and was the most likely to get enough signatures to start the recall election. 

On the other side, it is unlikely the BFDF, which is essentially the El Paso Freedom Defense Committee, would have caused a recall election if it were not for early outside money that “paid for signatures.”

The NRA doesn’t want to hear that the Democrats finally have the guts to fund a gunfight. That’s what this is and, for the last 25 years, the NRA has been able to scare Democrats into submission. Democrats sent you, NRA, a message:  they are going to stop bringing their wiffle ball bats. 

No liberal wants to hear that you can’t go around blaming the NRA when over $2.0 million was given to your side. That’s the money we could track. It will be higher. Bloomberg saved you and you know it. 

At the end of this campaign, both sides don’t want to hear us say, “And so, what now?”

People can say, well, BFDF, Victor Head and the bunch are just malcontents who whined about not getting their way. Yes, the public shouldn’t recall someone every time a minority group doesn’t get its way. I would agree with you fully except for the fact that PFR got 12,000 or so signatures. It’s really hard to make the malcontent argument after the 11,999th signature. That’s almost full capacity at Dutch Clark for the Bell Game.

The final thing I want to leave you with is this. In reading the hundreds of AR15.com posts from the Pueblo Freedom and Rights Group and the messages from Sen. Angela Giron, you both complain about the money and the other side was bought. 

Are you going to come together on campaign finance reform? Victor is your recall group and Senator Giron your campaign, regardless of the outcome, going to step up, work together and say to others like Garcia, Navarro-Ratzlaff, Grantham, and Crowder and the Colorado State Legislature  “We want campaign finance reform or we are going to recall you.”

If we had a real money fight, that fight would make this gunfight look like a child hugging a teddy bear.

What has been lost and what we needed the most was for Colorado to come to a consensus on how the state balances public safety with the ownership of guns — sacrifices and compromises have to be made in a Democracy. And, what did we do about murder control? That was the real reason the State Legislature brought the gunfight to the CO corral.

by John Rodriguez | @johnmrod

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Gunfight Over Money in the Dark

What started over the debate on gun control now is an election completely overrun with money. The recall election of Senators Giron and Morse has given the public a rare look at how outside interests influence local elections.

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Tracking the connections and links is nearly impossible but PULP's investigation into the recall money shows the fundraising apparatus for both sides.  View a hi-res PDF of the chart. Tracking the connections and links is nearly impossible but PULP’s investigation into the recall money shows the fundraising apparatus for both sides.  View a hi-res PDF of the chart.

Local Efforts & The Start:

Pueblo Freedom and Rights, the committee that ultimately gained enough signatures to proceed with a recall election against State Senator Angela Giron, calls itself a true grassroots effort that has largely gotten this far on their own.

“We never knew we were able to do this,” Victor Head told PULP. While most donations to PFR were small, there was outside help from other groups.

The Basic Freedom Defense Fund has been aiding PFR’s effort by picking up the tab on legal costs, according to Head on AR15.com on July 13.

There is record of BFDF giving money directly to PRF on August 8 with a $2,000 donation. Board members from BFDF have also donated money to PFR. Victor Head verified this in addition to saying in the beginning, BFDF didn’t even think the Pueblo group had a shot in succeeding.

Head met some of the board members on AR15.com’s forum. They began talking about the legislation and all planned to meet up at the capitol to protest. Even from that meet up, BFDF board members weren’t sold on aiding PFR, so the Head brothers borrowed $4,000 from their grandma to pay for legal counsel.

It was only after BFDF, having a major hand in the recall of Morse, and PFR were facing lawsuits in the same week that BFDF decided to provide help.

“After we came together, (PRF) had already succeeded,” Head said.

BFDF is a 501(c)4 non-profit organization that was created in correspondence with the creation of gun legislation. It also calls itself a grassroots effort.

“We are currently providing overall monetary, legal, organizational, outreach and media support to several issue committees targeting key offenders for such recall. Any donations given to the BFDF go towards the recall committees under the BFDF umbrella,” the organization states on its website.

While there are other groups involved in the recall of Giron, PFR hasn’t been working with them directly. The NRA hasn’t contacted PFR and there is no link from the NRA directly to PFR. Though a representative did show up to PFR’s grand opening, there has been virtually no contact between the two groups.

Five Key Donors:

Though the board members at BFDF don’t refer to their organization as big, they have had some help from some big names.

Keith Coniglio, a board member for BFDF said on a post on AR15.com the group received help from four groups, Americans for Prosperity, the NRA, the National Shooting Sports Foundation and a fourth unnamed source that was aiding in the very beginning but couldn’t contribute long term. Some of these names are expected but it’s how they donated and when a trail of who was involved and when becomes traceable.  Laura Carno’s efforts and groups in Colorado Springs also become important to the success of BFDF.

Laura Carno and I Am Created Equal:

In contact with Pueblo Freedom and Rights, the El Paso Freedom Defense Committee—the original group leading the petition drive against Senator Morse, started by the board members of BFDF, received $56,798 from I Am Created Equal, a 501(c)4 organization. I Am Created Equal did not give money directly to BFDF instead and according to Laura Carno, “I Am Created Equal donated the signatures to El Paso Freedom Defense Committee.”

The money was raised from “large and small donors all from Colorado.” Carno then paid Kennedy Enterprises to run the petition drive and from there she donated the signatures back to El Paso Freedom Defense Committee.

When asked for clarification if Carno donated voluntarily or was prompted by an outside group she said, “I would have to speak to my attorney on how to characterize that.”

Carno is also behind the IACE (I Am Created Equal) Action, a political action committee that is paying for some of the TV spots against Sen. Morse.

Americans for Prosperity:

Coniglio sites AFP as a contributor for their walking efforts and phone bank.  BFDF’s spokeswoman, Jennifer Kerns, has a connection to AFP but said in an email to PULP that she has had no activity with the Colorado chapter.

Kerns helped start the organization in California but she said in her email while she does an occasional project for California AFP, she has never worked for the Colorado sector.

Kerns was noted on a press release from AFP as recently as August 8. BFDF pays Kerns for her work even though none of the seven board members are not paid.

“The Basic Freedom Defense Fund was referred to me by a few women who knew that I was one of the first women who testified on the gun control bills in the Colorado legislature back in February,” said Kerns. In the 2013 Legislative cycle, Kerns worked for Coloradans Against Unions Using Kids As Pawns. Her past work listed on her resume is as the Spokeswoman & Communications Director for the California Republican Party and director of the “two largest tea parties in the Nation.”

In searching over contributions, PULP could not find any direct contributions by AFP.

NRA:

According to BFDF, the NRA helped out in two ways. It covered some of the expensive legal costs incurred in the court challenge to the recall. According to Coniglio’s post on AR15.com, “The NRA finally came through in a big way, helping us immensely with a ridiculously large (think “five-digit”–and then probably double the number you think) legal bill.”

The NRA also paid to the El Paso Freedom Defense Committee for the cost of mailing and phone banking on May 22 according to expenditure reports. It should be noted board members of BFDF were the registered agents for the El Paso Freedom Defense Committee.

National Shooting Sports Foundation:

It’s the National Sports Shooting Foundation’s contribution that leaves a paper trail that paints the web of money beyond the grassroots recall groups and implies GOP leadership was either aware of what was going on earlier than the media reported or they were, in some part, involved on the recall process early on.

Coniglio said the NSSF was a supporter but there is no paper trail from NSSF to the groups, because of BFDF’s status as a 501(c)4 non-profit organization. He stated the NSSF contributed office space for BFDF’s headquarters.

The only monetary contribution NSSF has for the year is to the Colorado Leadership Fund on Jan. 9. The Colorado Leadership Fund is one of the main Colorado House Republican Fundraising Committees.

PULP contacted NSSF to clarify its donation if it gave any other money directly to BFDF. NSSF did not respond to PULP’s multiple requests for comment.

On the outset this looks like a typical contribution as many businesses, committees and other political organizations flood both the Democratic and Republican fundraising committees with cash as the legislative session begins.

The link, while not conclusive, indicates outside support earlier than reported and indicates GOP registered agents might have been involved in the formation of these committees.

A Republican Link:

The fact the Colorado Republican Party was involved in the recall of multiple state Senators, while an issue for Democrats, is not out of the ordinary. It was expected that the GOP would help in some way after the groups were authorized to collect signatures or after the recall election was made official by the state.

Colorado Citizens Protecting Our Constitution is a 501(c)4 registered by Andy Nickel, the agent who also registered Coloradan Citizens for Accountable Government. CCAG is a major committee in support for the Colorado GOP.

In question is whether or not the Colorado House or Senate Minority Leadership was involved prior to the recall groups forming.

Victor Head has confirmed to the PULP, and this is verified by financial disclosures, that Colorado Citizens Protecting Our Constitution gave the Pueblo Freedom and Rights group money.  CCPOC has given a total of $10,000 this election cycle to PFR.

“Colorado Citizens Protecting our Constitution has actively donated to our cause here in Pueblo. Like actual checks in my hand.” Head wrote on AR15.com

Not even Nickel’s involvement with this committee and his connections to well-funded Republican committees would imply Republican involvement from the beginning. None of this would lead directly back to State Republicans and their fundraising committees if it wasn’t for the date the group was registered as a 501(c)4, the date listed on the Secretary of State’s website is February 13 — 5 days before Jennifer Kerns stated the group was formed and when BFDF asked for volunteers to begin recalling targeted Democrats.

Because the date is before the recall groups organized, we asked Andy Nickel for clarification. He did not respond to our requests. We contacted the Senate Minority Office for information about this group and if this office was involved directly in the recall groups—no one responded.

So what this means is a registered agent with ties to the Republican fundraising apparatus formed a 501(c)4 to spend money on the recall of Morse and Giron before the recall groups went public.

The donation raises more questions because it was this group which paid EIS Solutions, a consulting firm where former Senate Minority Leader Josh Penry works—to run print advertisements against Representative Mike McClachlan according to a Durango Herald Report from February. In the report the BFDF, then called Colorado Accountability, denied any collusion with Colorado Citizens Protecting Our Constitution.

For fairness, the argument against GOP involvement would be that these two groups, the BFDF and Andy Nickel’s Colorado Citizens Protecting Our Constitution, were doing their own thing and under the recall had similar interests. Through repeated requests for clarification from the State Republicans that these two groups were acting independently, PULP has not received clarification from State Republicans on the discrepancies of dates or on the role of Colorado Citizens Protecting our Constitution.

The Blue Umbrella

To understand how Democrats move money around their network you have to look no further than Michael Bloomberg’s donation.

On August 8, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg contributed $350,000 to Taxpayers for Responsible Government, a 527 political committee. PULP could find little identifying information for the group except its two registered agents April Ann Martinez and Julie Wells.

Julie Wells is the name on many of the pro-Democrat fundraising groups as the registered agent –which is actually a compliance administrator for these groups. The second name is April Ann Martinez who is the office administrator for Project New America, a campaign consulting firm, according to their website, “develops, aggregates, and disseminates strategies that empower progressives to achieve their research and communications goals.”

Taxpayers for Responsible Democracy then gave Pueblo United for Angela donations of $189,000 on August 8, $31,000 on August 9 and $50,000 on August 16 for a total of $270,000 in the August reporting period.

The blue-sided umbrella doesn’t stop there. Julie Wells with Josette Jaramillo of Pueblo and Vice President of AFSCME 76(Government Employees Union) registered the committee, We Can Do Better Colorado Committee to oppose the recalls of Morse and Giron. That’s not to be confused with the other committees they formed:  the We Can Do Better Issue Committee which shouldn’t be confused with We Can Do Better Independent Expenditure Committee. (Editor’s note: we felt it too confusing to break down each contribution to these three groups.)

These groups raised $225,000 from the Democratic Leadership Campaign Committee, $100,000 from the Service Employees International Union, $100,000 from AFSCME, $70,000 National Educators Association, $50,000 United Food and Commercial Workers Union, $25,000 International Association of Firefighters, and $20,000 AFL-CIO just to name the large donors among the many labor organizations. The three, We Can Do Better groups then moved money around often donating the money to another We Can Do Better group that would then spend it.

Their biggest expenditures were to campaign media firms such as Adelstein Liston a “media and strategic communications consulting firm” from Chicago and The Strategy Group for direct mail. For this year, Adelstein Liston has received $643,000 by all groups required to report their expenditures publicly. Contrast that with the $118,042.35 Colorado campaigns paid them in 2012.

To sum it up, Mayor Bloomberg, the Unions and the National Party Democrats all used pass-through committees to get money spent on these campaigns either by giving it directly to the committees for Giron and Morse or by spending on campaign items themselves.

However, there is evidence with the Democrats to show this is all not just done in D.C but rather:

Mainstream Colorado, another committee registered by Julie Wells, was formed in late 2012 to support Democrat Candidates, or as the official documents state, “to educate and inform voters regarding candidates for the state legislature, primarily supporting Democrats and opposing Republicans.

Mainstream Colorado received over $200,000 in contributions from various Democratic donors some as large as $100,000 from John Arnold, a hedge fund manager from Texas dubbed “the king of natural gas.”  One of Mainstream Colorado expenditures is to Red Rock Strategies. There are two Red Rock Strategies:  one that Secretary of State Scott Gessler works with and the other is the political consulting group run by Kjersten Forseth who is the Chief of State for the Colorado Senate Democrats (John Morse is the Majority Leader). Her firm works specifically in helping Democratic causes and candidates in El Paso County. Red Rock Strategies has received over $21,000 from Mainstream Colorado in 2013 alone.

PULP contacted Forseth to ask about this election, how the money moved around Democratic groups and if it was a conflict of interest being involved in fundraising, campaign management and also official Colorado Senate business. PULP did not receive a response.

Donkey Spiders & Elephant Webs

In covering this story, there is a clear contrast as to how the Republicans move money around and how the Democrats move money around.

The names that could illuminate the entire process are the registered agents. They are the financial compliance officers that run paperwork in order for these groups to function within the confines of the law. Most are hired attorneys by the groups they represent. It would be a different story if there were thousands of registered agents, one for every group. There are but a handful of people like Julie Wells and Ashley Stevens for the Democrats and Katie Kennedy along with Andy Nickel for the Republicans. While these individuals don’t control the entire financial apparatus, they are the ones registering the 501c4’s, nonprofits, PACS and issue committees, and submitting the filings on behalf of these groups.

With each involvement, job or prior connection, the web grows despite their current actions.

Take for example Laura Carno with whom we spoke.  Her registered agent is Mario Nicolais, an attorney who is also a candidate for a Lakewood State Senate race. Mario Nicolais’ law firm is the Hackstaff Law Firm. On certain committee filings for Insight Colorado it has the same address as the Hackstaff Law Firm. Insight Colorado is a consulting firm that hires Andy George, and Nikki Kirsch. On their LinkedIn pages they are listed as political directors for Insight Colorado. Andy George was lauded for his fundraising efforts to help Republicans. On the Secretary of State’s website the big dollar Republican committees such as the Colorado Leadership Fund, the Senate Majority Fund and Colorado Citizens for Accountable Government pay Insight Colorado for consulting work.  CCAG’s registered agent is Andy Nickel. Finally, you have Scott Gessler, current Secretary of State, who was a former partner at Hackstaff Law Group when it was called Hackstaff Gessler.

There’s also the connection from the BFDF to Laura Carno, the I Am Created Equal founder who is the producer of the Jeff Crank Show. Jeff Crank was the political director for AFP. Jennifer Kerns, as of the first week of August was a spokeswoman for AFP.

Laura Carno has flatly denied this link and said it’s a mischaracterization of her role at AFP. She stated there is no direct connection up the chain to AFP. Nor was money working its way through a web to get to one of her committees and then to the recall groups.

Her attorney also said that he believes the facts of the connection up through Insight Colorado to other GOP committees was not correct. When asked again for clarification on the connections, since he works at the same law firm where Insight Colorado has an address listed, Nicolais did not respond. PULP called Insight Colorado and the phone number given was Jim Hackstaff, senior partner at the firm. He also did not respond to our requests.

PULP believes Laura Carno’s statement to be genuine and factual but to outsiders the connections can only be characterized as curiously convenient.

Then you have the Democrats who give money to one of Julie Wells’ many committees. We are not leaving out the web on the Democrat side, for the majority of groups who had to disclose their financials publicly, Julie Wells is a name found much of the time, she was the beginning, end and middle man for many Democratic groups.

There are a lot of loose connections that only insiders could possibly know. While it would be wrong to falsely imply some associations, it is easy to see how incestuous the dark money in Colorado politics appears to link groups together without committees having to explain their associations. All of this evident because this recall election has broken the expected. Yet the dark web of money will be prevalent in future campaigns because this is exactly how large donors fund their interests in general elections.

Victor Head and Pueblo Freedom and Rights started this recall and the irony is, it will be the money that finishes it.

by Kara Mason (on Twitter @karanormal ) with contributions by John Rodriguez.

Correction: August 3rd 2013. In the print version, we printed “contracted” when we meant “contacted”. Also the BFDF did not pay board members. It was an typo left out of the print edition.

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2013 September

Photo Dispatch: Victor, Colorado

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The dirt road winding from Canon City through Phantom Canyon is quiet but not nearly as quiet as Victor, Colo. on a Tuesday afternoon, the town that sits five miles outside of Cripple Creek on Hwy 67 at the end of Phantom Canyon Road. Actually, with 455 residents, it is hard to imagine anything but quiet in Victor.

Remnants of stores past exist on Victor Ave., the main drag, blending amongst the local hotspots. A grocery store, an art gallery and a bakery lie vacant amongst a few restaurants, a general store and the historic Victor Hotel.

It is apparent almost everywhere the town was once a bustling city. Overlooking Victor is evidence of a once booming gold industry, one that helped a population of more than 50,000 people in the area thrive.

Gold was first discovered around Victor and Cripple Creek in 1890. At its peak, the area was the site of over 500 mining sites. Today, only one gold mine is in operation.

On the Tuesday afternoon a friend and I discovered Victor, a group buzzed around the Lowell Thomas Museum, which highlights the heyday of the gold rush. Had we known yellow hard-hats were complementary with the tour, as we discovered as the group wandered back to their bus, we would have eagerly put aside time for the tour.

Instead we opted for lunch at the Headframe “bikers welcome” Tavern. No bikers were actually present, probably because Britney Spears and Rhianna blasted from the jukebox. It was their loss, the pool table was open, the burgers were fresh and the beer was cold.

Wandering down the street and up the hill on 4th Street (approximate directions), you’ll find an antique shop with no apparent name. In addition to the expected furniture, jewelry and weathered books are reminders of the town’s history. A cabinet houses vintage photos and forgotten letters written in elegant cursive and near the back of the store sits a stack of Rocky Mountain News papers from the 1930s.

On the opposite side of Victor Ave. the train depot from Adelaide, a wide spot in the road that sat along side Phantom Canyon Road. In 1895 a flood washed the town away, killing three. It was eventually rebuilt above the flood line. In the 1890s the road was carved out to serve as a passage from Florence to Victor. Today, driving the narrow gravel road is comfortable compared to the railroad that once ran through the canyon. It was established in the early 1890s but eventually was deserted due to frequent flooding.

The train depot now serves as the visitor center for Victor.

Directly across the street from the tavern is a small café and bakery, the name is also unknown to those passing by and tourists. The aroma spills out of the propped open door down to the end of the street. It’s actually what lead us into the shop. “It smelt really good, so we decided to come in,” I told the woman greeting us. 

There were no menus or specials written on chalkboards, but a large kitchen counter sat in the middle of the shop. The woman made me a chai tea latte as we admired the work from a local artist who she said mostly enjoyed painting people of the town. He had done a portrait of her, so she supported his work by showing it in the café.

As we finally determined whether or not the sunflowers placed in mismatching vases on each table were in fact real, my chai was ready, sitting on the counter in a Chinet to-go cup. “I stuck a cinnamon stick and a piece of ginger at the bottom along with some agave, you can add whatever if it’s not sweet enough,” she told me.

No sweetener necessary.  The chai was perfect maybe the most perfect cup of chai I’ve had.

Winding out of town, Hwy 67, or the Gold Belt Tour, eventually leads to the Shelf Road turnoff, which will take you back to into Canon City. Shelf Road is self-explanatory.

The immediate drop off outside your window really isn’t that bad until it is understood the bottom of the canyon is really, really far down. The drive from Canon City to Victor takes you from about 5,000 feet above sea level to nearly 10,000 feet above sea level.

It was only after we descended 5,000 feet that we realized the little town that is all but forgotten has unmatched character, tranquility and a heart of gold.

 

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2013 September

Givin’ a flip – the art of forcing a decision

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How many times have you tried to make a seemingly insignificant decision and simply cannot weigh the pros and cons? We’ve all been there and most of us waste a ridiculous amount of time trying to decide which decision to make, “Should I cut my hair? Should I go to that party? Which is better the green or aqua shirt? Whiskey or beer?” etc. etc. etc. What if there was an insanely easy, simple, and convenient way to make that decision? Something like flipping a coin? Yeah I know when I first thought about this I silently smacked myself in the forehead and muttered, “uh duh.” As primitive as this solution may seem, it works.

Here’s the deal, let’s say a group of friends are trying to decide whether or not to enjoy a local paragon folksy band (Haunted Windchimes anyone?) or a foot stomper, shake your money maker original/throwback band (Is that Martini Shot I hear?). Typically this is how it goes down; there’s the one person in the group who obnoxiously tries to sway everyone else or the silent type who has no opinion until a decision has been made whereby they promptly sigh and have a terrible time. Take out all the bias, flip a coin, and be done with it.

Oftentimes I’m lucky if all I have is two decisions to choose from. Typically I have to narrow from four or five to just one. Turns out I can also flip a coin for multiple decisions. Look at it like a scaffold, start with two and keep eliminating until there’s only one option left, easy. — Side note: this works really well when trying to decide what to wear, cardigan? superhero t-shirt? glasses? all three? Seriously try. it. out.

For the continued naysayers who insist that nothing is as easy as flipping coin, here’s your golden nugget. So the verdict has been made the coin lands on heads and upon landing your heart fills with a sense of dread. The upside is that even though the coin flip didn’t have the results you hoped for you still discovered your ultimate decision. It’s a win-win.

I recently couldn’t decide whether or not to get a new tattoo (I already have seven pretty modest tattoos). This tattoo would be much more visible and larger, as a professional this is something that takes diligent consideration because quite frankly most people still attach a certain stigma to tattoos.

Long story short, my professional self was arguing with my inner exhibitionist and neither seemed capable of weighing the proverbial scale in their favor. So, I flipped a coin; heads – tattoo, tails – no tattoo. Well the verdict was tails – no tattoo. I knew right then and there that I was most definitely going to add some dynamite ink to my personal canvas. Even though I decided against the verdict of the coin toss, a decision was made and one I felt 100% confident with.  Honestly I probably could have come to that same conclusion after some more internal debating, but truth is I already knew in my heart what I wanted, the coin toss just brought it to fruition.

For the cynics who are on the fence about the legitimacy of flipping a coin there is another option. Steve Levitt the renowned economist who co-authored the book, Freakonmics has created an experiment that takes indecisive individuals through a questionnaire designed to help them come to a conclusion regarding whatever dilemma they may be facing. If at the end you’re still undecided they’ll flip the coin for you. The whole experiment is focused on finding statistical data that either supports or denies that flipping a coin improves the quality of life for those continually tentative types.

The next time a seemingly superficial decision needs to be made, find yourself caught in the throes of vacillation amongst your friends, happen to be contemplating a decision while wandering through the vicissitude of life, or just can’t make up your mind, remember to “Flip a coin and carry on.”

by Genevieve Ackley

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